Menstrual Cramps Relieved by Essential Oils
Instead of reaching for an over the counter pain reliever the next time menstrual cramps set in, consider using pain relief that nature created: essential oils.
Cramping at the onset of menstruation is one of the most common gynecological complaints in adolescent and adult females.
It is estimated that over half of adolescent and college-aged women will experience painful menstrual cramps regularly. Some estimates suggest that over 80% of college-aged women suffer from monthly pain.
A randomized, double-blind, clinical trial published in the May 2012 issue of
The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
by Ming-Chiu Ou and colleagues showed that a cream consisting of essential oils was sufficient to dramatically reduce the pain associated with menstrual cramping.
The study group of patients diagnosed with primary dysmenorrhea (painful menstrual cramping) applied this cream to the abdominal area every day between menstrual cycles. Control subjects (who were also diagnosed with dysmenorrhea) used a synthetically scented jojoba cream in the same way. No cream was applied during menstruation, only between cycles.
Subjects reported their pain during the first 3 days of menstruation before using the cream, and after approximately one month of using the cream.
The aromatherapy massage that women performed each day between periods lead to a significant reduction in the number of days of menstrual pain compared to the control group, and compared to the pain previously reported with no treatment.
It is interesting to note, that massage of the lower abdominal area with the synthetic cream also showed a trend toward reduced pain the following month, suggesting that the manual therapy itself contributed to the beneficial effects, or that there was a placebo effect. Perhaps massage may act synergistically with the essential oils to reduce menstrual cramp pain, but the authors argue that massage provides only immediate, and not long-lasting relief.
These researchers did not study the effects of inhaling the essential oils, or massaging the cream into another body area to determine the potential benefits of essential oils alone.
Nor do we know whether the essential oils would be of further benefit if used during the acute pain since subjects did not use the cream once menstruation began.
Also, the authors do not comment on any individual differences in the subjects. That is, we do know whether some individuals saw no benefit while others saw significant improvement. Since all data was presented as means with standard deviations, I am left to assume that the response to treatment with essential oils was similar among all subjects.
Here's what the science shows about each essential oil:
- Lavender Oil can relieve anxiety, depression and pain in previous human studies. Previous animal studies support its use as an anti-inflammatory and analgesic.
- Clary Sage Oil regulated menstrual cycles, and alleviated symptoms of menopause in past studies.
- Marjoram Oil has been demonstrated as an analgesic, and to dilate blood vessels, which relieves menstrual cramps in previous studies.
In this study, four molecular components of the oils used accounted for more than 79% of the oil composition. Those four components have potent properties themselves:
- The lavender and clary sage essential oils contributed two specific molecular components that are known to be anti-inflammatory and relieve pain in both humans and animals. In addition, one of those molecules inhibits the secretion of the prostaglandins that cause uterine muscle contractions.
- Marjoram oil has a component that also interferes with the prostaglandin pathway, and has pain-relieving properties. Another component in marjoram is a known local anesthetic.
Other complementary natural remedies that have shown promise for menstrual cramps are acupressure, rose tea, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), dietary changes and behavioral interventions.
Typically, dysmenorrhea sufferers use non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). These over the counter pain relievers can contribute to indigestion, headaches and drowsiness.
Primary dysmenorrhea is defined as spastic abdominal cramping at the onset of menstruation that lasts for 2-3 days. The condition is diagnosed by a physician in the absence of any pathology that could account for the pain. If you suffer from severe abdominal pain, consult a physician for proper diagnosis.
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Do you already love essential oils? Are you going to try these oils for your own menstrual pain? I think I know some terrific ladies who are going to receive a homemade cream from me soon!